According to the latest figures from the statistics service of the Ministry of Labor published this Friday, February 14, the number of employees in the sector of integration through economic activity (IAE) decreased by 4.7% between 2017 and 2018, going from 138,800 to 132,300. This often overlooked area is nevertheless welcomed by a good number of experts and institutions. In a report published in January 2019, the Court of Auditors highlighted results “Encouraging” in terms of insertion. The structures target people who are particularly distant from the labor market or who are long-term unemployed. Across the country, more than 3,800 organizations were identified by statisticians. They are also associations, integration sites or integration companies.
A third of recruitments in personal services
The tertiary sector particularly targets people in integration. So, 33% of employees hired or renewed in 2018 work in personal and community services. They also group together workers in assistance with daily life, industrial cleaning and cleanliness for example.
Agriculture and fishing are also looking for this type of profile. Thus, 22% of employees newly hired or renewed in an integration structure work in agriculture, green spaces and natural spaces or even animal care. Finally, construction, building and public works appear in third position. 10% of employees newly hired or renewed in this type of structure in 2018 worked in these different fields.
A public far removed from employment
The figures released by the rue de Grenelle ministry allow us to paint a portrait of these workers who are often far from the job market. Thus, 65% of employees hired in 2018 had been registered with Pôle emploi for at least one year. Of this total, 37% were very long-term unemployed (more than two years) and 19% were long-term unemployed (between one and two years).
In addition, men are overrepresented in this audience (61% versus 39% for women). Employees in integration are most often between 26 and 49 years old. They are poorly qualified. 38% of those surveyed have a level below CAP and 21% have a CAP-BEP level but have not obtained the diploma. Conversely, only 21% of new employees have a bac level or above the baccalaureate. Finally, 47% were recipients of social minima before they were hired.