People who have had close contact with confirmed cases of COVID-19 must be kept in home isolation –They cannot leave their house for any reason– for 14 days to assess if symptoms begin (fever of 38 ºC or more and, in addition, cough, sore throat or difficulty breathing). In these circumstances, it is essential to follow the instructions of health professionals regarding staying at home.
It is understood by “Close contact” that these people have been for a prolonged period two meters or less from a confirmed case of COVID-19 while he had symptoms: for example, they took care of that person, lived with him, visited him or shared a small space. Also those who have had direct contact with the affected person’s body secretions. The Ministry of Health of the Nation issued the following recommendations to comply with at home during the period of isolation:
Living together in rooms and other environments
There should be no people over 60 years in the same home. Evaluate the possibility of moving them to another place, where, preferably, they are alone or in some room alone. The person under evaluation should not be in close contact with other people who live in the house (not face to face within 2 meters). So that the environments are not contaminated, when coughing or sneezing, the person under evaluation must cover the mouth and nose with the elbow crease or with a disposable handkerchief (and discard it immediately). Then throw the used tissues in a garbage can. Ventilate the rooms regularly.
Other people’s income in the home
No home visits should be received.
Use of chinstrap
As long as the person has no symptoms, it is not necessary to wear a chinstrap. However, if symptoms appear and you have a chinstrap, you will need to put it on. As soon as symptoms appear, contact the city number to notify the local health authority.
Cleaning and disinfection of environments
Common and frequent use surfaces, such as countertops, door handles, tables, desks, chairs, taps, bathrooms, kitchens, etc. must be cleaned and disinfected daily. For this, first wash with water and detergent, rinse with clean water, disinfect with a bleach solution in water (place approximately two tablespoons of household bleach in 1 liter of water).
Frequently, everyone living in the home should wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Alternatively, if the hands are not visibly dirty, they can be sanitized with gel alcohol by rubbing the entire surface well until the hands are completely dry. Do not touch your face (especially your nose, eyes, or mouth) if your hands have not been properly washed or sanitized.
Utensils, clothing and bedding
Plates, glasses, silverware, cups, mate or other utensils should not be shared with other people. After using these items, wash them thoroughly with water and detergent. Neither do you share toiletries, such as soaps and towels, pillows or other items.
Must be pay attention to the appearance of symptoms (fever of 38ºC or more and, in addition, cough, sore throat or difficulty breathing) and, if this happens, immediately contact the health service through the local number established for that purpose.
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