The Government has taken advantage of the latest royal decree on labor and fiscal measures to alleviate the crisis of Covid-19 to filter the transfer to Social Security of the Passive Classes pension scheme, which welcomes the approximately 650,000 officials who remain in the General Administration of the State, without a sufficiently orthodox and transparent legal and parliamentary practice. The Executive justifies the urgent and extraordinary need to resort to a decree law in which an ordinary decree approved in January by the Prime Minister changed the structure of the departments and that with the use of the ordinary parliamentary procedure, it would be necessary to wait for pass the laws to comply with that decree. To this he adds that the timetable for carrying out the modifications has been altered by the health crisis. They are two very weak arguments. The urgency of a decree law in which an ordinary decree imposes it cannot be justified, since that would allow the use of this shortcut in any matter. And the alteration of the parliamentary calendar is not a sufficient reason either, since that would mean that from now on any matter can be regulated by decree-law.
In principle, the operation seems more cosmetic and accounting than anything else, since it will continue to be the public treasury that makes the contributions of the officials for their pension, even if it is the Social Security Treasury that issues the payments. The civil servants unions have expressed their rejection of the forms and because they consider that the decision could well be the beginning of a further reform in which their rights may be violated, both in terms of financial benefits and health.
The passive classes will be incorporated as a special regime in Social Security, although the vast majority of regional and municipal officials, as well as those of Social Security, are already integrated and subject to the same contribution and benefit conditions as those workers of the General Scheme. But when the practice of recent years has been that the General Regime absorbs a good part of the special groups, it makes sense that it should also do so with this one. If so, it must respect the retirement conditions of officials who already receive a pension, but it should equate the contributions of assets and their future pensions with those of the General Regime and banish any type of privilege that has been enjoyed until now in the public function. It is a matter of having a unitary and financially solid system of public pensions, although to achieve this it will have to undergo a comprehensive reform that is delayed without explanation.