If the facial skin is not even and shines constantly, often neither expensive creams, home remedies such as ice cubes or even mixed cucumber masks have a lasting effect. STYLEBOOK asked an expert for tips and tricks that refine the complexion and eliminate large pores.
In addition to pimples, large pores are one of the most unpleasant flaws, so many would like to completely do without their pores – they have a very useful function. Dr. med. Tanja C. Fischer, dermatologist from Berlin, about STYLEBOOK: “Pores are small openings that are found in innumerable numbers in human skin. They are small channels through which the body secretes sebum. This sebum serves to keep the top layer of skin, the so-called horny layer, and also the hair supple. ”In addition, the sebum production also has an important protective function, the expert says. The sebum is important to protect the skin from diseases, bacteria and environmental influences.
How do enlarged pores develop?
“The size of the skin pores is mainly genetic. Those who tend to oily skin tend to have larger pores and are more prone to pimples, acne and general blemishes, ”reveals Dr. Fischer on demand from STYLEBOOK. In addition, the pore size is influenced by environmental factors such as UV rays, personal lifestyle (nicotine, stress, alcohol, unhealthy nutrition) and the natural aging process. In certain phases of life, such as puberty, pregnancy or menopause, the sebum production is increased due to the hormonal change, the expert knows.
What to do at home with large pores
Do not wash your face too often. Twice a day – in the morning and in the evening – is enough, a moisturizing, pH-neutral cleaning agent helps optimally. Large pores are NOT a result of impurity. In general, the following applies to care: avoid creamy and fat-rich textures, rather use light fluids or refreshing and moisturizing gels as care. For very oily skin that produces excessive sebum and has large pores, products with high doses of retinol (vitamin A) are recommended. Tea tree oil, zinc, silicon and salicylic acid also have a sebum-regulating effect.
Clarifying face masks, e.g. B. with healing earth, help refine the pores. They stimulate blood circulation and promote the excretion of excess sebum. The mask should bind to blocked pores and blackheads and then become firm. The impurities are easily removed from the skin when the mask is removed.
Make-up clogs the pores and favors pimples
There are a lot of pore minimizers available in stores. However, they can only visually conceal enlarged pores instead of actually reducing them. The polymers contained in the pore thereby prevent the light from breaking in the recess. So-called primers and make-up bases have a similar effect. Make-up should only be used sparingly and rarely. With large-pored skin, the foundation often gets stuck in the pores, which makes it look even bigger and less beautiful. It is best to conceal blemishes in places with a concealer instead of covering the entire face with makeup or using a light BB or CC cream instead of foundation. Important, especially with large pores: products with light protection. Because when the skin ages faster, it becomes limp and the pores expand further.
Professional treatments for large pores
The chemical peel
The top layer of skin is removed using fruit acids. This then regenerates and looks fresher, younger and finer, pores can appear smaller. Dr. med. Tanja C. Fischer: “However, this method is not entirely harmless and should be carried out by an expert in any case, because if the acid concentration is too high, the skin will be burned and scars may remain.” And please not immediately before an important appointment or perform date: The skin can be red for days and peel off.
This method is often combined with a chemical peel. The top layer of skin is also removed mechanically with a grinding head with a diamond attachment, which reduces the size of the pores and makes the skin look more even.
A 40-minute treatment similar to chemical peeling stimulates collagen production and the formation of new skin cells. As a result, the pore size becomes smaller and the complexion looks more even. Advantage: The method is gentler, the skin heals faster. The face is slightly red only shortly after the treatment.