The urine color reveals a lot about our health, because urine is not always yellow or transparent, but can also be green, red, orange, pink or even black – and provide information about diseases. All information here!It is sometimes lighter, sometimes darker. May smell or not: Girls, we have to talk about urine! Not a tasty topic – but super important. Because urine can tell a lot about our health. The discoloration can result from a lack of water, but can also be influenced by certain foods or medications. You should only see a doctor if these factors can be ruled out, as the discoloration of the urine can give an indication of a disease. Our overview reveals the “Pippi Code”:
This tells your urine color about your health
Healthy urine consists of 95 percent water. The rest are urea, acid, salts, and other breakdown products. This is because every drop of our blood is filtered 300 times (!) By the kidneys every day. In this process, useless or damaged substances are excreted. If your urine color differs from the normal color, there is not necessarily a disease behind it. As a rule, the reason for this can be a food, such as carrots, beetroot or even red wine. Medicines can also stain your urine.
“Pippi code”: This means the color of your urine
- Colorless urine: Everything okay! Clear urine is a sign that you are drinking a lot of water. However, if you very often feel extremely thirsty, it doesn’t hurt to get tested for diabetes.
- Light yellow to yellow urine: You drink enough, there is no need to worry.
- Cloudy urine: Your urine is yellowish, but cloudy? Do you have pain when urinating? Then it could be that you have bacteria in your urine and therefore a bladder infection. Better go to the doctor.
- Dark yellow urine: The less we drink, the darker our urine turns. We notice this especially in the morning, since we do not absorb any liquid at night, but even lose up to two liters of liquid through breathing and sweat. So get a glass of water first thing in the morning. If your urine is permanently dark yellow, you drink too little throughout the day. Persistent dark yellow urine can be an indication of dehydration, so you should also consult a doctor in addition to taking liquid.
- Orange urine: Have you drunk enough? Otherwise, this color can indicate liver disease such as hepatitis A, B, C, D or E. The bile can also be responsible for the discoloration if the bile pigment bilirubin is excreted. This happens when the bile duct is blocked or inflamed by, for example, gallstones. But certain medications can also lead to orange urine – see a doctor!
- Brown or red urine: If you see in the toilet bowl that your urine is yellow-brown or red-brown, you should first drink a lot of water. If the urine is rather bright red, this can indicate blood in the urine. These are possible signs of an infection, kidney disease or bladder polyps. Old clotting sediment can dissolve in the urine and turn it brown. Brownish urine can also be caused by fever. In any case, consult a doctor to rule out worse things (such as liver failure, signs of intoxication or tumors).
- Green urine: Occurs rarely, but if your urine is greenish, it can mean that you may be taking the antidepressant amitriptyline, you have eaten a lot of asparagus or licorice, you have a urinary tract infection or a very rare genetic disorder called blue diaper syndrome. Please to the doctor!
- Pink urine: If you can rule out a pink (red) discoloration from foods that contain carotene or betanine (e.g. beetroot, rhubarb or blueberries), you should see a doctor.
- Very dark to black urine: Mostly this coloring is due to taking medication with active ingredients such as L-dopa or alpha-methyldopa. Parkinson’s patients are prescribed this. Dark urine can also indicate the metabolic disease alkaptonuria or advanced black skin cancer (malignant melanoma). Then the pigment melanin gets into the urine.
Basically, if you discover an unusual urine color that lasts for several days, go to the doctor.