The covid-19 pandemic has already affected at least 111 indigenous peoples, according to the National Committee for Indigenous Life and Memory. In the balance sheet of the group, which is made up of indigenous leaders, the total number of infected in these groups by the new coronavirus has already reached 7,753, and that of deaths, 349.
Also included in the committee’s account are the Waraos, the second largest indigenous people in Venezuela and who have sought refuge in Brazil. Just over a month ago, the disease transmission cycle affected 44 ethnic groups, as found by Agência Brasil, demonstrating that the disease can spread rapidly among the 305 indigenous peoples living in the country.
The numbers surpass those officially registered by the Ministry of Health, which has been issuing daily newsletters. In the count of the Special Secretariat for Indigenous Health (Sesai), 4,771 confirmed cases of the disease and 128 deaths are listed, according to this Wednesday’s update (24), the last available. The report also reports that 614 cases are under investigation.
In its mapping, the ministry fragmented information from Special Indigenous Health Districts (DSEIs). The region with the highest number of confirmed cases of the disease is the Alto Rio Solimões, with 555. Next, are the Maranhão DSEIs, with 493; Guamá-Tocantins, with 417; Tapajós River, with 305.
By the survey of indigenous leaders, the division occurs by state. Amazonas appears leading the ranking, with 152 cases, followed by Pará, with 67, and Roraima, with 41. In all, 19 federative units already register cases of covid-19 among indigenous people.
The National Council of Justice (CNJ) created, on Tuesday (23), an observatory to monitor the protection of indigenous peoples, who are subject to a high degree of susceptibility during the pandemic. On the observatory’s website, it is possible to find documents that give greater transparency to the acts of the federal government in relation to this population group, such as spreadsheets from the Ministry of Women, Family and Human Rights and the National Indian Foundation (Funai) in which they are located. show plans for the distribution of basic food baskets.
The schedule for supplying the products, however, has not been strictly followed. One of the documents made available by the CNJ refers to a decision by the Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region, which set a fine of R $ 100,000 against the Union, in case the entity did not deliver food baskets to indigenous communities in São Gabriel da Cachoeira (AM), the municipality with the largest indigenous population in the country and which has faced the pandemic with difficulties.
As reported by Agência Brasil, the city has a precarious health care network, having reached the bed occupancy limit already in May, when there was no bed in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), essential for the treatment of patients with severe symptoms of covid-19. To try to contain the disease, he even took extreme measures, such as imposing a curfew, from 9:00 pm to 6:00 am, and the interruption of public transport and taxi services.
In a note published yesterday, Funai said it had distributed 215,000 basic food baskets and about 45,000 cleaning and hygiene kits to villages across the country. The municipality adds that it has already allocated R $ 22.7 million in actions to combat the pandemic and that it has set a goal to distribute more than 500 thousand food baskets.