Hybrid car and PHEV: what is it?

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Hybrid car and PHEV: what is it?


From a technical point of view, a hybrid car is the result of the crossover between two types of engine, thermal and electric.



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From a technical point of view, a hybrid car is the result of the crossover between two types of engine, thermal and electric.

To understand what a hybrid car is, you have to understand the meaning of the term “hybrid”. Behind its orthographic sophistication worth 22 points in Scrabble, hides a meaning not so difficult to perceive that. Indeed, the little Larousse reminds us that it has its origins in the Latin term “hybrida”, designating the concept of “half-blood”. Therefore, a hybrid is simply a being or an object resulting from the cross between two species.

Meeting between thermal and electric

Relative to the automotive field, on the powertrain component, this means that a hybrid car is still the result of a cross between two types of engines. Two types of different nature: thermal on one side, electric on the other. So the engine thermal, essence in most cases, is associated with one or more electrical blocks, located on the front axle and / or on the rear axle, giving rise to a two-wheel drive or all-wheel drive vehicle.

PHEV or Full Hybrid, translation?

Hybrid technology uses different architectures, varying the distribution of roles between thermal and electric (series hybrid, parallel hybrid, mixed hybrid also called hybrid with power derivation). Then we have to distinguish two big families : the one whose models are rechargeable (PHEV, for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) and the one whose models do not charge (Full Hybrid), at least not other than while driving. Beyond their ability or not to external recharging, the fundamental difference between these two types of hybridization lies in the battery capacity, conditioning their services in terms ofautonomy / consumption and other key parameters like the Buying price, higher for the plug-in hybrid with comparable models.

Our hybrid files:

2020 hybrid and plug-in hybrid cars: models, prices, range

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Electric and plug-in hybrid cars: how to install a charging station at home? – VIDEO

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