what are the differences ?

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what are the differences ?


How to distinguish a hybrid car and an electric car? What are the differences on the driving side?



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Hybrid / electric car


How to distinguish a hybrid car and an electric car? What are the differences on the driving side?

A hybrid car has a conventional heat engine and one (or more) electric motor (s), as well as a reduced traction battery. The two types of engine and the battery work in symbiosis to minimize CO2 emissions and fuel consumption (mostly petrol) depending on road conditions and the type of driving.

Some models benefit from the possibility of recharging the battery using a cable, thus offering 100% electric driving over a short distance (from 20 to 50 km). We then speak of plug-in hybrid car (or PHEV, for plug-in hybrid vehicle).

Examples of hybrid models currently on the market: Toyota Corolla Hybrid, Renault Clio E-Tech, Peugeot 508 Hybrid, Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, BMW 330e …

A electric car has one (or more) electric motor (s), most often powered by a large battery. This is recharged by connecting the vehicle to an electrical outlet or to a public or private terminal. The absence of an internal combustion engine generates zero emissions when the car is driving. And there is obviously no need to fill up with fuel.

Examples of electric models currently on the market: Peugeot e-2008, Renault ZOE, Tesla Model 3, Volkswagen ID.3, Mercedes EQC, Audi e-Tron …

Logically, the two types of cars therefore do not have the same qualities and defects. An electric car will definitely exempt you from filling up with fuel. But you will need to monitor the range and find a suitable charging station. A hybrid car reduces fuel consumption (in the range of 10 to 40%) and CO2 emissions. But it only allows you to drive in “electric” mode over short distances.

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