When Emilio Lozoya Austin agreed to be extradited to Mexico, he was said to have information that implicated senior officials of the past administration, and that he would make it available to the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic (FGR). A part of that information was disclosed this Friday by the Reforma newspaper, which reported that the former director of Pemex confirmed bribes of more than 52 million pesos to then PAN deputies, money that would be related to the energy reform of former President Enrique Peña Nieto.
These are the characters implicated by Emilio Lozoya, their charges and their alleged participation in acts of corruption. According to Reforma, the former director of Pemex named Luis Videgaray Caso, former secretary of the Treasury, as the main orchestrator of the bribery strategy for PAN legislators. Luis Videgaray, also former Secretary of Finance of the State of Mexico, was in charge of coordinating Peña Nieto’s presidential campaign, and when he won the 2012 elections, he led the transition team. Once appointed Secretary of the Treasury, he led the negotiations that led to the signing of the ‘Pact for Mexico’, the agreement that made it possible for the Union Congress to approve the most significant economic reforms in the country in decades. In 2017, Videgaray Caso was appointed Secretary of Foreign Relations. At the end of the Peña Nieto government, the former official moved to Boston, United States, and is now dedicated to the academy at the Business School of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In the first part of the last six-year term, Ricardo Anaya Cortés was a federal deputy for the PAN and, from 2013 to 214, he was head of the Board of Directors of the Lower House. In that period he promoted the 13 structural reforms proposed by the then President Peña Nieto. According to Lozoya’s statement, Luis Videgaray, then Secretary of the Treasury, asked him to send 6.8 million pesos to Ricardo Anaya. In 2014, when the reforms of main interest were approved (energy, telecommunications and education), Anaya Cortés took over as general secretary of the PAN, and was later appointed national leader of the PAN. In 2017, he resigned from the party’s leadership to start his campaign for the country’s Presidency, which was overshadowed by allegations of alleged money laundering. After the contest, Anaya Cortés ‘disappeared’ from public and political life, and in 2019 she joined Columbia University, in New York, as a teacher of a spring program.
Ernesto Cordero Arroyo was Secretary of the Treasury in the Felipe Calderón government. In 2012, he was elected as a senator and, upon assuming office, he was appointed PAN parliamentary coordinator. Later he assumed as president of the Senate of the Republic. In his legislative career he supported the structural reforms promoted by the then President Peña Nieto. According to Lozoya, Ernesto Cordero was one of the PAN legislators who received millionaire bribes from the PRI government. In 2018, Cordero Arroyo announced that at the end of the legislature he would withdraw from political life to dedicate himself independently to economic and financial consulting. In 2019 he began working as a technical secretary for Coparmex. The current Governor of Querétaro was also implicated by the former Pemex director. Francisco Domínguez Servién was a PAN senator from 2012 to 2015, when the structural reforms were approved. That last year he left his seat to run for the governor of his state.
The current Tamaulipas governor is also accused of having received bribes to vote for structural reforms. Francisco García Cabeza de Vaca was a PAN senator from 2012 to 2016, when the ‘Pact for Mexico’ was carried out. Today, his brother, Ismael García Cabeza de Vaca, is the one who occupies a seat in the Senate by the PAN. He is considered one of the closest men to former President Felipe Calderón, of whom he was campaign operational coordinator (2006) and, once in power, head of the Ministry of Public Function (SFP). In 2012 he was elected as a senator, where he chaired the Energy Commission. Currently, he does not hold any public office, but attends PAN events. In 2012 he was elected senator of the PAN by Campache; That position was chaired by the Administration Commission, through which he allegedly received bribes. In 2018 he was expelled from the PAN along with Ernesto Cordero and the former deputy Eufrosina Cruz Mendoza.
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