Add value to primary products, diversify the matrix of crops and increase the competitiveness of the Argentine agro-industrial complex, is key to position the country as a world supplier of foodos, promote the development of regional economies and increase exports of agricultural manufactures. The province of Chaco is actively working to achieve this strategic objective that post-pandemic Argentina has. In this sense, it should be noted that between 1980 and 2005, the Chaco field planted, on average, some 808,000 hectares and reached 1.4 million tons of production of various crops, with preeminence of cotton and then soybeans. But, since 2005, the cultivated area has been growing until reaching the current 1.8 million hectares and a production of 4.5 million tons of 11 different crops.
This production jump involved 2.2 times growth in planted area and more than three times in production. What’s more: according to an INTA study, Chaco has the potential to reach the 3 million hectares planted by 2030.
The reason is to have achieved a diversified agricultural matrix, made up of eleven crops: cotton, soybeans, corn, sorghum, wheat, sunflower, safflower, spurge, chickpea, rice and rye, and to a network that extends from the central agricultural dome to the southwest of the province as a backbone of integrated production.
At the same time, the province has the essential characteristics for develop the beef, pork, goat, sheep and poultry meat chains which, together with intensive fish production derived from the integrated production of rice pacú with environmental sustainability, together they constitute an advanced production model with 800 tons per year.
On the other hand, Chaco is also committed to sustainable energy production. It has an expanding bioeconomy with incipient production of 16.6 MW in biomass, increasing investments in solar energy and developments at different scales for biodiesel.
In relation to the capital market, the creation of the Stock Exchange -which today leads transactions in northern Argentina with 2,000 client accounts and 30,000 million pesos-, is a solid perspective of integration of economic actors to convey savings in productive investment.
The financial architecture of productive ventures is framed by a renewed and active Banco del Chaco, a financial group integrated with a stock company, manager and trust company with the aim of accessing different financing modalities.
Produce cereals and oilseeds, fruits, vegetables, and meats, quebracho extract and furniture, software and energy, tourism and culture, goods and services with an open model for electronic commerce of goods and services and an electronic government that advocates a comprehensive digital agenda from 2021, are essential factors for the development of agribusiness.
In that sense, the strategic association between the productive and knowledge economy consists in the construction of an agro-industrial model integrating value chains with the incorporation of competitive technologies and training of human resources to provide integrated productivity factors with a jump in productivity.
On the other hand, the province today shows a consolidated infrastructure of routes, electrical energy, gas in industrial parks, fiber optics, drinking water and expanding sewerage networks.
Another advantage for investors has to do with being able to access differential energy rates, refund of 30% of investments in capital goods, subsidy to employer contributions, exemption from the tax on gross income and stamps for 10 years, alternative access to 1,000 hectares of industrial parks in different towns in the province.
Regarding the training of human resources, the Province today it has three national universities and the creation of a non-university higher education system that favors technical and professional training for competitive job placement.
The province’s objectives are to continue diversifying the productive matrix, integrating value chains in order to reach 3 million hectares, 100,000 quality jobs integrating the knowledge economy with 1,500 million dollars of exports.
Chaco can contribute a lot to the economic recovery of the country. The post-pandemic can lead us, as a country and as a community, to reproduce old vices of the national development model, or it can be the opportunity to rethink which country, what community and which provinces we want and fundamentally, we can be.