Alejandro Slokar “Multiplying the courts is inconsistent with the accusatory system”

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Alejandro Slokar







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Alejandro Slokar is a chambermaid for Cassation, the country’s highest criminal court. He is also a professor of Law at the UNLP and at the UBA, and a benchmark for the group Justicia Legítima. In an interview with PROFILE, he spoke about the judicial reform announced by Alberto Fernández.

Although he defended the decision to advance in a change that implies a “Never Again” to this judicial operation, the chamberlain criticized some aspects of the initiative, perhaps the most important in the announcement: the multiplication of federal courts in the City and in the interior from the country.

“It is inconsistent with the accusatory model, where centrality is held by the Public Prosecutor’s Office,” he explained. Slokar argued that the Supreme Court has to accept a discussion about the operation. “The Court has 10,000 cases a year. Humanly speaking, it is not possible for five judges to resolve 10,000 cases a year, ”he said.

He considered that the dynamics of the Judicial Council is not good either. “It is inadmissible that a contest takes so long, or that the charges are on hiatus for three years,” he said.

On the increase in courts. “The elimination of the useless division between criminal and economic is correct, but there are some technical incompatibilities. What is the point of multiplying the courts? It is to enthrone the judge, the idea of ​​the judge who appropriates the case, to the point that some courts are called embassies, “he said.

Slokar argued that the ideal is to implement the accusatory system, something that was announced by Fernández, but that does not go, in his opinion, with the expansion of the positions of magistrates: “I believe that the real reform had already been launched in the year 2014 with the establishment of the accusatory model through a new procedural regime, with a prosecutor who investigates and accuses and a judge who controls and decides, as happens in almost all the provinces of the country, except in Comodoro Py ”.

In relation to the Supreme Court, he considered that he does not know if the solution is expansion or not, but clarified: “The division into rooms is already provided for in the decree that currently regulates justice, although that part is suspended.”

The cameraman pointed to the delay of the highest court with a specific example. “The Court today signed a judgment in the case called Massot. That case had been in court for five years. Massot’s cause was in limbo. He had been ordered to lack merit in a Lesa Humanidad case, the prosecutor in the case had appealed, and he spent five years. It is unacceptable”. graphic.

“Probably what bothers the Court is that she has not been invited to the expert council, but she does not have to shy away from the discussion,” said the judge. On judicial persecution. For the chamberlain, the judicial persecution – which some call “Lawfare” and which for him is a “criminalization machinery of political opponents and the national bourgeoisie” was clearly seen in the four years of Mauricio Macri’s government, but it did not end yet. “It slowed down, because there are judges and prosecutors who are permanent officials,” he said.

“It was never as clear as in recent times with Macri. Previously, the hired killer functioned in terms of protection only exceptionally as persecution, but this has been reversed in recent years. To such an extent that it ceased to be functional even for politics, “he said.

For Slokar, “the political situation cannot be settled at the Comodoro Py level,” he said.

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