The Egyptian authorities accuse the young women of having posted videos deemed “immoral”.
In Egypt, jiggling to the latest popular song or singing in playback on social networks can be expensive: last week, six young users of the Tik-Tok application, followed by thousands of Internet users, were sentenced to sentences of up to three years in prison. The authorities justify this decision by invoking a “Incitement to debauchery”.
“Violation of family values”
On July 27, five Egyptian women in their twenties were sentenced by the Cairo court to two years in prison with a fine of 300,000 Egyptian pounds (16,000 euros). Their fault: to have exposed themselves on social networks in front of thousands of Internet users. Among them is Haneen Hossam, a student arrested in April after posting a clip on Tik Tok telling her 1.3 million followers that women could make money working with her on social media. The authorities saw it as a promotion of prostitution.
Two days later, a sixth woman, Manar Samy, is in turn subject to a fine of the same amount, as well as a three-year prison sentence. The judicial authorities accuse him of a “Incitement to debauchery and a violation of Egyptian family values”. Justice also points to a “Dissemination of content that violates good morals”.
Increased repression on social networks
Social networks have been particularly scrutinized by the Egyptian authorities in recent years. In power since 2014, Egyptian President Al-Sisi passed a law on cybercrime in 2018. This is intended to monitor Internet users and block sites accused of compromising national security. In the sights of the authorities: activists, human rights defenders and now influencers. This “Media regulation” wanted by the Egyptian president is experiencing drifts. Under the pretext of fighting for national protection, actors, academics, journalists and political dissidents have been imprisoned. “It has nothing to do with protecting the values of society. It is about monitoring and controlling the Internet ”, rebels Marwa Fatafa, member of the NGO Access Now which promotes and defends the rights of Internet users. “Posing as arbiters of morality, the Egyptian authorities are issuing red lines on what is socially and politically permitted on the Internet”, considers the activist, for whom “From now on, online repression also extends to non-political activities”.
In recent weeks, the Tik Tok app, which is very popular among 15-25 year olds, has attracted the wrath of several countries for various reasons. The Pakistani government, also very conservative, called on the platform to moderate the content judged “Immoral, obscene and vulgar”, denouncing judged effects “Extremely negative on youth”. The sling against the Chinese application has even reached the White House: on July 31, Donald Trump announced its intention to ban it on American soil, criticizing the application owned by the Chinese group ByteDance for stealing the personal data of its users to provide them to the Beijing government. The platform specializing in the publication of short videos is also the subject of an investigation by CFIUS, the American agency responsible for ensuring that foreign investments do not present a risk to national security. According to Reuters, the American government would have finally changed its mind, giving Microsoft forty-five days to negotiate the acquisition of the American branch of the application.
Video: Algeria: four years in prison required against Khaled Drareni, independent journalist (France 24)
- Covid-19 pandemic: the vaccine race is accelerating
The American biotech Moderna has announced that it will enter the final phase of its clinical trials for a vaccine against the new coronavirus on July 27. In Brazil, this third phase, the last before approval, has already started with the vaccine developed by the University of Oxford and the Astra Zeneca laboratory.
- Bioethics law: the bill examined in the Assembly
The bioethics bill, which includes a section devoted to assisted reproduction, will be examined in the National Assembly at the end of July. The text, which follows, among other things, a campaign promise by Emmanuel Macron, provides for the opening of medically assisted procreation to single women and lesbian couples. What does the law contain? What societal issues, but also what political issues for Emmanuel Macron?
- Best of: Europe in the time of Covid-19
While European countries were suffering the full brunt of the Covid-19 epidemic, the leaders of the Union were very eager to express themselves on the health crisis … Presidents of institutions, commissioners, ministers, deputies, they took the lead. spoken in “Ici l’Europe” in recent months. We invite you to review selected pieces from the great interviews we conducted with these high-ranking European personalities.