It was foreseeable that due to the coronavirus and its persistence throughout Europe with the contagions that do not stop, there would be a palpable absence of foreign tourists in the Italian cities of art usually crowded in summer and for the rest of the year . The economy of cities with high artistic content such as Rome, Venice, Florence, Turin and Milan, which together account for over a third of Italian tourism, are on their knees. In 2020, almost 34 million tourists from abroad are preparing to lose, with important consequences for the entire city economy, especially for businesses in historic centers.
Stopping the visitors will in fact cause a loss of around 7 billion euros in total tourist expenses, of which 4.9 billion will be borne by the accommodation, restaurant and business and services sectors. Based on Tourism economics forecasts, Confesercenti provides the data and raises the alarm. Conservative estimates, which could prove optimistic in the absence of a start to the recovery of the flow of travelers by the end of the year.
The black shirt goes to Venezia: for the thousand-year-old Serenissima, a symbol of Made in Italy tourism and usually among the most sought-after destinations globally, a decrease of -13.2 million admissions is expected, for a total of 3 billion euro of lost tourist expenditure. follows Roma: for the capital, forecasts are about 9.9 million fewer presences and 2.3 billion of nuanced travelers’ consumption. TO Florence losses will amount to -5 million presences and approximately -1.2 billion in consumption; to Milano the contraction in presences should instead come close to 4 million less, while for consumption it will be over 900 million euro. TO Torinoon the other hand, it is estimated that there will be a drop of over 800 thousand visitors and 186 million euros less tourist expenses.
The aggravating smartworking
The decrease in foreign tourists – not compensated by the Italians, who preferred seaside resorts and villages – must be added to the negative contribution deriving from the persistence of a high proportion of workers still in smartworking. A quota destined not to decrease too much until the end of the year, given the prolonged state of emergency and the overall uncertainties. In these 5 cities, which record over 6.5 million total employees, we estimate 13% of agile workers, whose absence from workplaces is causing the loss of around 250 million euros per month in expenses for accommodation and catering. Until the end of the year, the smartworking effect would make these companies lose 1.76 billion euros.
“Tourism is paying a very high price for the emergency triggered by Covid. A heavy blow that is felt particularly in the major cities of art. Here the combination of braking of travelers and lengthening of agile work is likely to blow up local business systems. Especially those related to tourist spending: from restaurants to bars, to shops in historic centers, “explains Patrizia De Luise, National President of Confesercenti.
“It is a situation of exceptional gravity, which requires extraordinary measures,” concludes De Luise. “For this reason we ask to establish special urban free zones in the historical centers of Municipalities of cultural interest with high tourist flow, which are the most affected by the long wave of the crisis triggered by the Covid emergency. The free zones should allow companies that they work to enjoy special support, in the form of a contribution to be used in compensation of tax and social security contributions. In this way we would give some oxygen to hospitality businesses, tourist services, trade and restaurant businesses and bars, now in Asphyxiation. Without intervention, thousands of SMEs risk jumping like pins. ”