After the second round of municipal elections June 28, and before regional and departmental elections still scheduled for 2021, new elections will animate the political re-entry. On the program: the senatorial elections of September 27, but which will only concern the grand voters, and then seven partial legislative (to discover in our map below). More than 500,000 voters will be called to the polls again in September, or even in October, on dates which have yet to be set by the Interior Ministry.
The convening of these partial legislative elections is the consequence of the resignation of the deputies in the constituencies concerned, following the municipal elections and the government reshuffle. The 2014 law on the non-accumulation of mandates in fact prohibits being both deputy and mayor. But it does not necessarily oblige to resign from the National Assembly: the majority of the twenty deputies elected mayors this year thus let their substitute sit. For five of them on the other hand, the substitute did not wish to take up the torch, causing this new ballot.
The last two vacant seats are due to En Marche deputies appointed in July to the Castex government. For the majority group, which has already lost the absolute majority in the Assembly (278 seats out of the 570 currently occupied), the risk is therefore to see its troops continue to decline. Once the deputy’s resignation is formalized – some did so in June, others later in July – the by-election must be held within three months. We present here these seven legislative elections to come.
Two En Marche seats threatened after the reshuffle
Member of the 6th district of Pas-de-Calais, the LREM Brigitte Bourguignon last month became Minister Delegate in charge of Autonomy. The one who chaired the Social Affairs Committee in the National Assembly was counting on her deputy, Ludovic Loquet, to take over at the Palais Bourbon. But she had the bad surprise to see him prefer the town hall of Ardres. Result: the former socialist who passed in 2017 to En Marche should herself go back to campaign to, in case of victory, leave her seat to her new substitute (and recover it when she leaves the government). In 2017, she was elected in the second round with nearly 61% of the vote against the FN, but had no socialist candidate in front of her. The game could be tougher this time around.
In the 11th district of Yvelines, where the city of Trappes is located, Nadia Hai also leaves her seat after her appointment as Minister Delegate to the City. She preferred to avoid the majority “an embarrassing situation”, in the words of the leader of elected Macronists, Gilles Le Gendre. Indeed, his deputy, Moussa Ouarouss, was indicted at the end of 2019 in an investigation into drug trafficking between Morocco and France. Riding the macronist wave of 2017, this professional banker had eliminated in the first round the outgoing socialist, Benoît Hamon, then beaten in the second another former deputy, LR Jean-Michel Fougous.
In September, En Marche will be counting this time on its departmental delegate, Pierre Luce. This will notably be opposed to the LR mayor of Bois d’Arcy, Philippe Benassaya, also supported by the UDI. The left, starting with Benoît Hamon, remains discreet about its intentions for the time being.
Two fiefdoms to keep for LR
In the 1st district of Haut-Rhin, Eric Straumann, MP since 2007, was elected mayor of Colmar after the second round of municipal elections. Her deputy, Brigitte Klinkert, then had to choose between the Assembly and the presidency of the departmental council. This former LR was finally … appointed to the government, as Minister Delegate for Integration. This constituency of Colmar is historically on the right. Eric Straumann had won in 2017 against an opponent LREM by collecting 66% of the vote. The 2019 LR list in the Europeans, on the other hand, obtained only 10% of the vote, largely ahead of the RN (24.6%) and LREM (22.3%). In the municipal elections, it is an EELV list that the new mayor easily beat in the second round (63.9% against 36.1%).
In the 3rd district of Maine-et-Loire, the seat is left vacant by LR Jean-Charles Taugourdeau, MP since 2002 who became mayor of Beaufort-en-Anjou. Her deputy has for her part been renewed at the head of a neighboring municipality. It is therefore the former parliamentary collaborator of the deputy, Anne-Laure Blin, who was chosen to try to take over. The new mayor passes, him, substitute … In 2017, he had to fight not to cede the constituency to La République en Marche. Outpaced in the first round, he won against the Macronist candidate with 51.9% of the vote.
Two figures of the PS to replace
In the 9th district of Val-de-Marne, the socialist Luc Carvounas was elected deputy in 2017, after having long been senator-mayor of Alfortville. The former rival of Olivier Faure at the head of the PS has decided to return to the head of his city, after his election in the first round. Still a student at the ENA and on an internship in the prefecture, her deputy, Sarah Taillebois, has given up succeeding her. Luc Carvounas has therefore dubbed his deputy mayor, Isabelle Santiago, who will have the task of keeping a left-wing territory. It may be faced with a joint EELV-PCF candidacy, and against the LREM candidate Jonathan Rosenblum, already Carvounas’s opponent in the last municipal elections.
In the 5th district of Seine-Maritime, the deputy of the PS deputy Christophe Bouillon also made the choice of the mandate of mayor, in his commune of Rives-en-Seine. At the Assembly since 2007, Bouillon for his part became mayor of Barentin, after having already exercised this function for 13 years in another city. The PS will therefore try to keep this seat with Gérard Leseul. In this constituency, this formation is usually quite clearly ahead of the right (LREM had not presented a candidate in 2017). The RN had however obtained more than 30% of the votes in the last Europeans.
A precious seat for the communist group
In the 2nd district of Reunion, Huguette Bello handed over after taking over the town hall of Saint-Paul. Member of Parliament since 1997, until then she sat in the GDR group which brings together communists and allies. Today there are only 15 elected members, which is the minimum threshold for forming a group in the Assembly. The PCF will therefore scrutinize this election, hoping for the return of a 16th member. Her deputy being himself mayor, Huguette Bello has chosen one of her municipal councilors, Karine Lebon, for this upcoming campaign. The latter will leave with a certain advantage, in view of the very high scores obtained in the last legislative elections by her mentor.
Note that an eighth partial legislative could see the light of day in the Gard. Elected mayor of Sauve, the former LREM deputy Olivier Gaillard has not yet resigned, pending the examination of an appeal against the ballot. The world wrote at the beginning of July that he did not want to give way to his deputy, Catherine Daufès-Roux, ready to join the Macronist group. If the municipal election was definitively validated, the resignation of the deputy could therefore lead to a new legislative election.
Under this legislature, 10 partial legislative elections have already been held in 2018, most of them following the invalidation of the 2017 ballot. But the political balances had been little disturbed. La République en Marche and the Modem had each lost one seat to LR, respectively in Val d’Oise and Reunion Island. The current deputy for Wallis and Futuna also sits in the small group Libertés et Territoires when his predecessor belonged to the former UDI and Agir group, now split in two.
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