CUIABÁ – The effects of burned in the Pantanal and part of the Amazon has advanced to at least five other countries neighboring Brazil. The large cloud of smoke already has almost 5,000 km2, and, according to experts, can reach up to 8,000 km2. For more than a month, the region has been experiencing one of the driest periods and with high records of fire outbreaks in recent decades. With more than 15 thousand fire points identified, the Pantanal faces the worst scenario in its history, with thousands of dead animals, including endangered species, in addition to burning more than 1.7 million hectares of its territory.
Last Saturday, 19, satellite images released by the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe) showed the intensity of the fires in the Pantanal, with the arrival of large clouds of smoke in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
According to the researcher and analyst at the Instituto Queimadas Program, Pedro Lagden, the phenomenon is common, particularly in the autumn and winter seasons, due to the combination of an organized cold front in the south of Brazil and the anticyclonic circulation (anti sense time) dominating the central region of the country and the continent.
However, the greater the volume of fires, the greater the range of these clouds can be. “The great clouds of smoke result from the fires – not only in the Brazilian Amazon and Pantanal, but also in these biomes in other countries, in the Cerrado and in the Paraguayan Chaco”, explains Lagden.
Still through the INPE images, it is possible to identify that the smoke waves also move to other Brazilian states such as Acre, Amazonas, Goiás, Maranhão, Pará, Rondônia, São Paulo and Tocantins.
Along with the smoke, the winds also carry particles released by the plants during the fires, causing phenomena such as “dark rain”, composed of toxic substances. Gases such as nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and volatile hydrocarbons are among these substances that, upon entering the respiratory system, can cause a series of harmful effects to the body.