Specialists from the Autonomous University of Tamaulipas (UAT) contribute to the protection of the jaguar and puma, the largest cats on the continent, through projects for the conservation of wild carnivores and their relationship with protocols for dealing with conflicts due to livestock predation. and domestic animals.
To this end, we are working directly with rural communities and with producers in order to advise them regarding the identification of evidence in predated cattle and in schemes to recover the resources of the lost herds.
In this regard, Leroy Soria Díaz, researcher at the Institute of Applied Ecology (IEA), commented that the topic is developed through the research line “Wild Carnivores of the El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Population Study and Temporal Interactions and Space ”.
The specialist commented that they have been working on the monitoring of species such as: bears, jaguars, puma, and meso carnivores such as the ocelot, tigrillo, jaguarundí, in addition to the neotropical otter.
It details the importance of raising awareness about the care of species such as the puma and the jaguar, the latter at risk worldwide.
He mentioned that in many cases the population of rural communities complains that these animals deprive their livestock.
For this reason, he said that part of the project has been to approach the ranchers to spread the federal scheme, called: “Insurance to cover death by predators”, (http://fondocnog.com) a measure that consists of supporting producers , in order that they do not sacrifice the species that prey on their livestock.
Faced with this situation, he said that it is necessary to document to know if it was a cougar or a bear that preyed on livestock, so it is important to know more about the way these species prey.
“Sometimes farmers find the animal bitten and attribute it to the jaguar or puma, when in reality it may be other species”He said, after pointing out that in Tamaulipas it is also common for feral dogs to attack (a species of domestic dog that survives as a wild predator and is considered a threat to ecosystems).
He explained that the loss of habitat is one of the main problems faced by the species and in the case of Ciudad Victoria, the growth of the urban area, has brought them closer to the communities.
“As the years go by, we expand more, that means that there is a greater confluence between humans and these two species; every time, there are more run-over of cougars and bears for example ”.
He also cited as an example that when expanding agriculture and livestock remove natural plant cover to introduce livestock herds, which by invading the habitat puts them at the mercy of large predators.
“And if we add poaching to that, we reduce their prey, then these animals look for available food and on many occasions they become cows. And all these aspects have reduced the populations of wild cats ”, he concluded.