Research points out that 3,742 city halls do not have a scheduled date for the return of face-to-face classes in their municipal education networks. The survey was carried out in September by the CNM (National Confederation of Municipalities), which consulted 3,988 local governments, a sample of 71.6% of the country, which has 5,570 municipalities. In the territories that responded to the survey, 14.6 million students live in municipal education networks, which represent 63.3% of enrollments in this segment in the country.
In the entity’s assessment, the lack of a return date does not mean a “missing position”Of the mayors. “On the contrary, deciding not to resume classes indicates a responsible and cautious attitude by the manager. The situation cannot be simplified, the pandemic is already prejudicing students’ learning and education as a whole, but the question of when to return to these activities needs to be answered responsibly, as there is undeniable concern about resuming classes on account of spread of the virus“, Says the research report.
Only 197 (4.9% of the sample) of the municipalities surveyed reported a school reopening date already set, but the CNM itself considers that “the reality has shown, especially at the state level, that the initial forecasts have not been confirmed and the return has been postponed, as occurred in Maranhão, Rio Grande do Norte, Acre, Piauí and the Federal District“.
The main factors for non-compliance with the forecasts, in the entity’s perception, is the judicialization of back to school across the country, with demands for measures to prohibit the return of classroom activities in schools. “The understanding is marked by the risk of increased contamination of covid-19, due to the exposure of thousands of students and teachers, which can put the population in potential contagious situations“, Knee a CNM.
The research points out that the municipalities have been offering some kind of non-classroom teaching activity. In the overwhelming majority of cases, printed material is being distributed, an alternative adopted by 3,818 city halls (98.2% of the total consulted), followed by the offer of classes through digital means, adopted by 3,152 managers (81.1%). Only 6.5% of the municipalities surveyed (254) take classes through TV and another 3.5% (136) through radio. A total of 3,360 municipalities (86.4% of the sample) use instant messaging applications to send school materials and activities. The survey also indicated that in 70.6% of the municipalities consulted, teachers received or receive some type of training for remote education.
Although most of them still do not have a date to return to classes in person, just over 70% of the municipalities that responded to the CNM survey, that is, 2,811 city halls, reported that their resumption plans were being prepared or being prepared. Another 1,105 city governments (27.7% of the sample) do not yet have contingency plans in place. According to CNM, this is due to the complexity of the federative articulation process and the definition of the protocols.
“It should be noted that the Ministry of Education (MEC) published, only on October 7, the Guide for Implementing Protocols for Returning from Face-to-Face Activities (1MB), with information about the planning that can be developed in the municipal and state education networks of the country for the return of face-to-face classes“, Says the entity.
Of the total number of municipalities that reported having contingency plans, the gradual return to classes (74.7%) and the rotation system (70.5%) are among the measures that appear most frequently to be adopted for the resumption of classes. in person.
In practice, according to the CNM, even when a return date is defined, not all groups of students will return to the classroom at the same time, to allow greater social distance. About 2,200 municipalities (78.2% of the sample) defined hybrid education as a strategy to guarantee the school year and recover the possible learning deficits caused by the pandemic.
The vast majority of municipalities consulted also reported that they are developing actions to improve and adapt the infrastructure of schools, and purchasing PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and other health and hygiene safety materials.
With information from Agency Brazil