With 382 votes in favor, one against and one abstention, the Plenary of the Chamber of Deputies endorsed reforms to increase the penalties for the crime of extortion and include it in the catalog of crimes of the Federal Law against Organized Crime.
The deputies approved modifications to article 390 of the Federal Criminal Code to establish that the penalty of two to eight years in prison and 40 to 160 days of fine, currently established for this crime, be increased by up to a third if the active subject has an employment or kinship relationship up to the fourth degree with the victim or if the victim is a minor, over 60 years of age or has a disability.
The reform establishes that the penalties will be increased by up to half if the extortion is carried out through physical, psychological or moral violence.
In addition, it doubles the period of disqualification when said crime is committed by a criminal association, by a public servant or former public servant or by a member or former member of a police corporation or the Armed Forces, by establishing that it will be between one and ten years.
The deputy of the PRD, Mónica Bautista, warned that extortion is the second crime of the common order most committed in the country, after the armed robbery of a passerby or on public transport.
Bautista indicated that it is a high-impact crime and one of the most frequently committed in prisons in the country.
He pointed out that between January 2019 and February 2020 there were 11 thousand calls from people who reported being victims of extortion. However, he said, this number does not correspond to the investigation folders, which amount to only 1,247.
The PRD indicated that it is estimated that in 2018 this crime generated income for criminal groups for around 12 billion pesos, a figure that is equivalent to the two security funds for the states; that is, the Strengthening Security Program (Fortaseg) and the Contribution Fund for Public Security (FASP).
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The journalists demanded the intervention of the authorities of the three levels of Government.
The dissatisfied outside the delegation of the FGR.
The PES deputy, Adriana Lozano, warned that the reform is just one step in the long way to give Mexico the security it deserves, since the message is not in the increase in penalties, but in the arrests and sanctions against the culprits.
The PAN Sara Núñez said that, according to the Common Cause organization, 24 extortions are committed on a national level daily; However, this figure does not consider those crimes that are not reported due to fear or mistrust of the authorities.
He stressed that the objective of the reform is to establish measures to prevent, inhibit and duly punish the crime of extortion.
The Plenary of the Chamber of Deputies also approved with 388 votes in favor, one against and zero abstentions a reform that adds article 2 of the Federal Law against Organized Crime to establish that those who commit the crime of extortion will be sanctioned as members of organized crime.
The PRI deputy, Marina Rodríguez, pointed out that the reform seeks to visualize extortion due to its severity, by incorporating it into the list of crimes investigated, processed and punished in accordance with said ordinance.