Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, the favorite morning stimulant. This dark drink came to America from Europe where it was fashionable in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries when it managed to overcome the preference over wine and beer, but its wonderful history spans other continents centuries ago.
The discovery of goats
The drink of coffee beans would arise in the Ethiopia and Yemen. There is not a single story of its origin.
One version points out in the 9th century in Ethiopia, a goatherd named Kaldi noticed that his normally docile goats became energetic and sleepless when they ate coffee beans; Kaldi tried them himself to lift his spirits, and a passing monk told the world about the berries after he noticed the goatherd and goats dancing together.
Another story that was published in the University of Minnesota digital library notes that in yemen a healer named Omar He picked and found the berries (coffee cherry) delicious. He stuffed his pockets with the berries and then, as he got ready to boil some herbs for dinner, decided to use cherries instead of herbs; what resulted was coffee.
With its invigorating effects, in 13th century Arabia, coffee helped Muslims with their nocturnal religiosities, it turned out to be a stimulating drink that was not forbidden by the Quran.
The cultivation and trade of coffee began in the Arabian Peninsula. From the Yemeni port of Moca, spread in the 16th century to Cairo and other large cities in Egypt, where the first coffee shops were opened.
The first cafeterias “Schools of the wise”
In the East, as in Istanbul (Turkey), the coffee shops were called “Qahveh Khaneh” o “Kiva Han”. Places where people socialized, participated in active conversations, communicated news, rumors, information and enjoyed music, dance, chess and even debates, they were even called “Schools of the wise”.
Venetians take you to Europe
The coffee came to europe in 1615 thanks to Venetian merchants. In the beginning, people in Europe consumed coffee privately for “medicinal purposes”.
Cafes opened in the 17th century in Marseille (1644), Venice (1645), Oxford (1650), London (1652), Paris (1657), and Vienna (1683).
Dutch start coffee production in Java
The Europeans soon wanted to have control of producing the coffee they consumed on their land. The dutch were commissioned to open the first European-owned farm in the 1616 India. It was about the plantation on the island of Java, in present-day Indonesia.
Then the french they sought to grow coffee in Haiti (1715), Santo Domingo (1715), and Martinique (1723).
Why the English promoted tea over coffee
The English tried to grow coffee in Jamaica in the 1730s, but the Dutch and French have the upper hand and they had control of colonial production and import to Europe.
That is why the British East India Company was dedicated to promoting tea. Although that did not mean that hundreds of coffee shops did not emerge.
The British led a New Amsterdam (now New York) in the mid-1600s. ETea remained the favorite drink until the revolt over the heavy tea tax imposed by King George III. From that moment on, the American preference for drinking coffee would change forever.
The cultivation spreads across America
After Martinique (in the Caribbean), coffee cultivation spread throughout America in the late 18th and 19th centuries, arriving in Costa Rica in 1779, Mexico in 1790, El Salvador in 1840 and Guatemala in 1850.
Coffee regains momentum at its origins
Although coffee may have originated in Ethiopia, production across the African continent managed to rebound in the 20th century. The fall of the colonial regimes of Europe enabling native African farmers to regain control of their land.
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