Almost a year after the resignation of former President Evo Morales, this Sunday Bolivia choose a new president in a polarized and stress climate in the Andean country, with the hit economy for him coronavirus and fears that the election results will lead to another social convulsion.
The polling stations will open their doors at 08:00 local time (12:00 GMT) and close at 17:00 (21:00 GMT) under a strong military and police guard, as well as strict sanitary measures for him coronavirus COVID-19.
The favorite candidates are the economist Luis Arce, of the Movement to Socialism (MAS), who also championed Morales, and the former centrist president Carlos Mesa (2003-2005), by Citizen Community, who was second in the October 2019 elections, which were annulled due to allegations of fraud and led to the resignation of President Evo Morales.
About 7.3 million bolivianos will vote after a campaign developed mainly by social networks, Due to the pandemic caused by the coronavirus, although there have also been some crashes in the streets between pro and anti-Evo militants.
These elections will also end the transitional government of Jeanine Áñez, who had to withdraw your candidacy for the presidency after strong criticism of his management of the pandemic.
Fears after the election in Bolivia
The MAS threat to mobilize in the face of possible “fraud” and the spread of fake news has high tension in Bolivia, so the authorities they also prepare before possible excesses on election day.
Video: Antilogy, with Ricardo Monreal. The rule of law: Salvador Cienfuegos (Dailymotion)
Prior to voting day, long lines of cars were formed to buy gasoline and many people went to the markets to perform last minute food shopping.
Saturday night the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) announced the suspension of rapid system for disseminating preliminary results, arguing that it would not provide sufficient certainty compared to the official data.
To guarantee the transparency, the TSE was refined and they arrived observer missions from the OAS, the European Union, the Carter Center, among others, who called for peace and “respecting the results.”
The fears are due to crisis social that was lived in the country after October 2019 elections, whose vote counting was suspended for more than 20 hours and upon resuming Evo Morales He appeared with a jump that made him the winner in the first round.
Days later, an electoral mission of the Organization of American States (OEA) affirmed that there was manipulation in the calculation.
The opposition and supporters of Morales took to the streets and there were violent riots that left a balance of 36 dead and 800 wounded. three weeks later Morales resigned when the armed forces asked him to step aside.
Morales, who is in exile in Argentina, said that he will follow the actions of the electoral day from there and that he will not have a public agenda this Sunday.
In these elections the renewal of the 166 seats of the Congress of Bolivia.