After a long period of work in favor of efficient mobility and road safety, this week the constitutional reform to articles 4.73, 115 and 122 was approved by a qualified majority (with 351 votes in favor) to recognize the power of the Congress to legislate on mobility and road safety, as well as the inclusion of the right to mobility.
These reforms indicate that everyone has the right to mobility in conditions of road safety, accessibility, efficiency, sustainability, quality, inclusion and equality.
This recognition is a transcendental step in the long legislative process of work, preparation and consensus among all sectors and political parties, promoted since 2015 by more than 35 civil society organizations throughout the country.
In this context, the Reform mandates the Congress of the Union to issue the General Mobility and Road Safety Law within a period of 180 days from its entry into force.
In addition, it recognizes the right to mobility, raised by civil society since 2012, based on the Special Report on the Right to Mobility prepared by the Human Rights Commission of Mexico City and the ITDP.
With the recognition of the right to mobility in the Constitution, the Congress of the Union will have sufficient powers to legislate on mobility and road safety, and promote and harmonize the progress of the federative entities and local governments in the matter.
The goal shared by the government and civil society is to prevent nearly 16,000 deaths annually in traffic events, which currently represent the leading cause of death among Mexican children and youth.
In addition, it is part of a process of progressive recognition of the rights incorporated through the New Urban Agenda of the UN and the Sustainable Development Goals.
During the participations in favor of the opinion, members of the different parliamentary fractions agreed on the importance of recognizing the work of civil society to achieve this Reform that focuses on the needs of people during their movements through the streets of our country.
There was also a consensus that the ruling is dedicated to the relatives of the victims of traffic events, who turned their pain into activism.
After approval in the plenary session of the Chamber of Deputies, the Reform will be sent to the state Congresses, where it is required that at least half plus one approve it for this Reform to be formally incorporated into the Constitution.
Several states already recognize the right to mobility in their local constitutions or through their legislation, including Aguascalientes, Mexico City, Colima, the State of Mexico, Guanajuato, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo and Sinaloa.
“We call for the deputies of the entities of the Republic to approve this historic constitutional reform as a priority, which will allow the right to mobility to be recognized in Mexico and progress to guarantee it. In addition, it will allow legislation at the national level on road safety to improve management in the matter from the three levels of government and recognize innovations at the local level, “said Alejandra Leal, specialist in mobility and road safety, member of the team promoting civil society.
“As citizens we have managed to organize and work together to achieve this Constitutional Reform, which will ensure that all Mexican men and women arrive safely wherever they go, no matter what mode of mobility they choose, throughout the national territory. It is essential to label resources in the budget for mobility so that the federal, state and municipal levels can meet the goals and scope required to guarantee this human right. We call on our representatives to work together without distinction of political parties, affiliations or phobias, to advance this legislative process that can save thousands of lives. We have the right to safe streets and highways for everyone. It suits us all. We appreciate the commitment of all the parliamentary fractions that joined forces to achieve this noble objective ”concluded the organizations.