According to the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) these monuments and remains were found with the help of the analysis of the LiDAR images obtained, followed by extensive prospecting in the field.
In Section 1, which goes from Palenque to Escárcega, 553 archaeological monuments have been registered. Information was already available on some, but others are being documented for the first time.
With the use of LiDAR technology and field prospecting, areas with archaeological monuments are registered in the municipality of Candelaria, Campeche, as part of the Project @TrenMayaMX. pic.twitter.com/4j04o7yZrX
Since some are very close to where the train line will pass, “specific measures will have to be established to avoid its possible impact on the construction process of the work,” says the INAH in a statement.
At least 91 structures were found in one of the areas, corresponding to pre-Hispanic monumental buildings, surrounded by housing units.
“Pyramidal bases, squares or quadrangles and terraces are observed, highlighting a large basement, on which several mounds stand,” added the institute.
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He explained that some of the buildings were partially affected during the construction of the old train track.
In a second set, 37 monumental and residential elements were found, of which a more detailed survey will be carried out, since excavations that give more data on their characteristics have not yet been carried out.
The INAH pointed out that it makes opinions on the zones to deliver them to the National Fund for the Promotion of Tourism (Fonatur) so that the safeguarding of cultural heritage is guaranteed, and the definition of the final outline of the project.
In section 2, which goes from Escárcega to Calkiní, 1,634 archaeological monuments of different characteristics were identified, including residential-type structures, and others possibly for civic and ceremonial use.
Some of these had already been registered by INAH before and others are new.
These analyzes are part of the archaeological salvage project “U lu’umil maaya wíiniko’ob: A Regional Analysis of the Mesoamerican Southeast. Archaeological salvage framework project ‘Tren Maya’, states of Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo. Prospecting and data management phase ”.
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