The jaguar Amanaci does not know if he will be able to roam freely in the Brazilian Pantanal, as he did until the flames that partially devoured this paradise of biodiversity left him badly wounded, with his legs scorched.
This female, specimen of the largest feline in America, was found almost two months ago sheltered in a chicken coop in Poconé, Mato Grosso state, where she had come fleeing the fire and shortly after she was transferred to the Nex Institute, an NGO for the preservation of these animals a hundred kilometers from Brasilia and a thousand from their natural habitat.
How do doctors treat this jaguar?
Since then, Amanaci has become a symbol of the victims of destruction caused by the worst fires ever recorded in the largest tropical wetland on the planet.
This jaguar recovers with stem cell treatment which, according to veterinarians, has greatly accelerated the healing of his legs, which came with third degree burns.
“In case of Amanaci it was very shocking for us, the wounds were horrible, the bones were exposed “
Explains Cristina Gianni, founder of the Nex Institute, in the municipality of Corumbá de Goiás, in the heart of the Brazilian savannah.
Last Sunday, vets sedated her out of her cage and placed her stocky, muscular body with black spots on a stretcher. They put a mask on him and removed the bandage from his legs to clean and heal his wounds, still raw.
“We started applying stem cells to it just to stimulate tissue growth, cell growth, and skin growth to accelerate healing. Since then, she has been responding very well to treatment, she is eating very well, gaining weight and is quite active, ”explains veterinarian Thiago Luczinski.
Will Amanaci be able to return to its natural habitat?
Despite its improvement, it is unlikely that the jaguar Amanaci, which in the Tupi-Guaraní language means “Goddess of the rain”, returns to the Pantanal: the flames burned the tendons that allow it to remove its claws.
“In freedom, it will be greatly harmed, because it will not be able to climb in a correct way, it will not be able to hunt, fix the prey, because it will not be able to stretch its claws (…) The probability that it will remain (in captivity) is quite big ”, adds the veterinarian of this NGO that currently shelters 23 rescued felines.
How much damage have fires caused in the Amazon?
Among them Ousado, another jaguar that arrived a month ago from the Pantanal with second degree burns on the legs. After being cured with ozone therapy, it could be released shortly.
In 2020, flames devoured 23% of the Brazilian part of this biome south of the Amazon which spans Brazil, Paraguay and Bolivia.
Images of burnt-out landscapes and charred animal carcasses horrified the world and stoked criticism of the government of Jair Bolsonaro, whom experts and environmental NGOs blame for the increase in deforestation and the fires in the Amazon and the Pantanal for his speech in favor of extractive activities in protected areas.